Some precautionary health measures when visiting Spain:
Never eat undercooked meat and poultry, raw eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products to prevent risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
Mosquito bite prevention
Insect bite prevention
Avoid drinking non-treated water
Don’t eat raw food bought from street vendors.
Don’t handle animals (especially monkeys, cats, and dogs) to avoid animal bites and from contracting other serious diseases.
Use sun block and wear sunglasses and a hat.
Earthquakes may occur in some areas – stay safe and take heed of local precautions.
There is also high risk of avalanches in mountainous regions.
Conditions in mountainous areas may change drastically- take note of weather conditions.
Other pertinent issues for travel to Spain:
High level medical care where facilities are comparable to other industrialized countries.
For those seeking work, residency or study permits, they need to undergo a medical examination which might include HIV tests.